Montevideo , Uruguay


Montevideo ’s aboriginal inhabitants were the Charrua Indians, a hunter-gatherer people who cared little for outsiders. They killed the explorer Juan Diaz de Sold and most of his party when the Spaniards encountered them in 1516. By the 17th century, the Charrua had prospered and, abandoning hostilities began trading with the Spanish. 

In 1680, the Portuguese founded Colonia on the estuary of the Rio de la Plata as a rival to Spanish-held Buenos Aims on the opposite shore. Spain responded by building its citadel at Montevideo . Uruguayan hero Jose Artigas fought against the Spanish but was unable to prevent a Brazilian takeover of the Banda (the original name of the eastern shore of the Rio de la Plata ). Exiled to Paraguay , he inspired the ~33 “Orientales” who, with Argentine support, liberated the area in 1828 and established Uruguay as an independent superstate between Argentina and Brazil .  

Montevideo is the capital of Uruguay and of the department of Montevideo . It lies on north shore of the Rio de la Plata Estuary. Montevideo was founded in 1726 by Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, Governor of Buenos Aires, to counteract the Portuguese advance into the area from Brazil .  Home to almost 5096 of the nation’s population, Montevideo is a modern metropolis with a historical old town dating back to colonial times. Surrounding the whole city lies an Uninterrupted stretch of white sandy beach.  

Highlights include Ciudad Vieja ( Old Town ) with its 18th century buildings, the vibrant Mercado del Puerto.  For a taste of a unique local flavor, you may want to try a unique wine varietal known as Tannat. The Tannat is a Uruguayan specialty which has gradually earned international acclaim as a result of its careful and deliberate development and enhancement. It is paired with red meat and well matured cheese. The color of tannat red ranges from a rich cherry-red color to an almost black ink shade.  Its bouquet is full with a richness of tannin and a full body.